Sonda 160 Romano-Americana de la Moreni

"Mare incendiu in regiunea Moreni"
 Adevărul, 42, nr. 13934, 29 mai 1929
 "Marele incendiu dela sondele din Moreni" 
Adevărul, 42, nr. 13935, 30 mai 1929
 "Sonda dela Moreni continua sa arda" 
Adevărul, 42, nr. 13936, 31 mai 1929
 "Focul dela Moreni ia proportii uriase" 
Adevărul, 42, nr. 13937, 1 iunie 1929
 "Incendiul din Moreni"
 Adevărul, 42, nr. 13980, 21 iulie 1929
"O violenta explozie la sonda din Moreni" 
Adevărul, 42, nr. 13988, 31 iulie 1929
"Ancheta exploziei dela Moreni" 
Adevărul, 42, nr. 13990, 2 august 1929
 "Focul dela Moreni se intinde" 
Adevărul, 42, nr. 13993, 6 august 1929
"O noua explozie la Moreni" 
Adevărul, 42, nr. 14003, 17 august 1929
 "Cum s'a intamplat noua explozie dela Moreni" 
Adevărul, 42, nr. 14004, 18 august 1929
 "Cercetarile asupra accidentului dela Moreni" 
Adevărul, 42, nr. 14005, 20 august 1929
 "Ancheta ministerului de industrie asupra exploziei dela Moreni" 
Adevărul, 42, nr. 14007, 22 august 1929
 "Focul dela Moreni nu se va stinge pela suprafata" 
Adevărul, 42, nr. 14015, 31 august 1929
"Focul dela Moreni ia proportii de eruptie" 
Adevărul, 42, nr. 14041, 29 septembrie 1929
"Sonda din Moreni arde sub o presiune enorma" 
Adevărul, 42, nr. 14046, 5 octombrie 1929
 "Focul dela Moreni continua cu furie" 
Adevărul, 42, nr. 14051, 13 octombrie 1929
"Incercari de stingerea sondei dela Moreni, pe la suprafata" 
Adevărul, 42, nr. 14053, 16 octombrie 1929
 "Sonda dela Moreni va stinsa de americani" 
Adevărul, 42, nr. 14055, 18 octombrie 1929
 "Noui aparate pentru stingerea focului dela Moreni" 
Adevărul, 42, nr. 14058, 20 octombrie 1929
 "La Moreni arde mereu" 
Adevărul, 42, nr. 14060, 23 octombrie 1929
 "La Moreni se incearca stingerea prin tunel"
 Adevărul, 42, nr. 14062, 25 octombrie 1929
"Lucrari pentru stingerea sondei dela Moreni" 
Adevărul, 42, nr. 14088, 24 noiembrie 1929
 "Focul dela Moreni continua" 
Adevărul, 42, nr. 14095, 3 decembrie 1929
"Incercari serioase de stingere a focului dela Moreni"
Adevărul, 43, nr. 14127, 12 ianuarie 1930
"Deteriorarea aparatului pentru stingerea sondei din Moreni" 
Adevărul, 43, nr. 14145, 4 februarie 1930
 "Incercari pentru stingerea sondelor incendiate" 
Adevărul, 43, nr. 14177, 13 martie 1930
 "Situatia critica la Moreni" 
Adevărul, 43, nr. 14180, 16 martie 1930
"Inca o nenorocire la Moreni" 
Adevărul, 43, nr. 14184, 21 martie 1930
"Incercari de stingere a sondei din Moreni cu dinamita" 
Adevărul, 44, nr. 14601, 8 august 1931
 "O noua incercare de stingere a sondei dela Moreni" 
Adevărul, 44, nr. 14606, 14 august 1931
 "Esuarea incercarilor de stingere a sondei din Moreni"
 Adevărul, 44, nr. 14607, 15 august 1931
 "Sonda dela Moreni s'a stins dupa doi ani"
 Adevărul, 44, nr. 14637, 19 septembrie 1931
 "Sonda dela Moreni s'a reaprins"
 Adevărul, 44, nr. 14646, 29 septembrie 1931
 "Cum s'a reaprins sonda dela Moreni"
 Adevărul, 44, nr. 14646, 30 septembrie 1931
"S'a stins din nou sonda dela Moreni" 
Adevărul, 44, nr. 14658, 14 octombrie 1931

160 RA photographers

Olteanu photo.
Rudolf photo.
Lehmann photo.
In interwar period on the main street in the center of Campina was the famous Olteanu Photo Studio run at beginning by Stefan Olteanu and later by his son Gogu Olteanu. The activity of Stefan Olteanu started during WW1 when the city and all the oilfields from Prahova Valley where under german control. The germans issued to the inhabitants of Campina and to all municipalities from the Prahova Valley, an ID which picture. Stefan Olteanu received the monopoly to take photos for the new ID and this is how the bussines has begun. His son continued the father passion for photos and it remained for a long time the city photographer. Most of the Campina and Moreni oilfield photos and issued postcards with oil wells, refineries, eruptions and gushers from that time have been made by the Olteanu family.
Olteanu photoshop in 1925.
Olteanu photoshop in 1920.
Another emblematical figure was Rudolf Grunblatt from Moreni which captured in historical photos the 160 Romano-Americana well great eruption.
Rudolf photoshop logo.
Another photographer from Moreni was Hiemesch. See bellow a postcard from his workshop.

Myron M. Kinley 160RA well photo

“There once a derrick like those in the background at the point where you see the gas escaping from the pipe in this 65-foot crater. And the derrick was on the surface. The pressure, 2,500 pound per square inch and the heat from the blazing gas caused the ground to break into fine dust and blow away. For more than two years this process continued as engineers attempted to estinguish the blaze and failed. The steel in the derrick and other well equipment became a mass of glowing metal sinking lower and lower as the crater was formed.

 This pictures shows the wild Rumanian well, tamed by M.M. Kinley, of Tulsa, Oklahoma, American fire-fighter after the blaze was estingushed and before the gas was put under control. Imagine blowing out a fire, in a crater filled with hot metal, a furnace heated to 300 degrees Fahrenheit. He had to get a few feet of the flame to do the job. 
This is a very poor picture – Kinley failed to bring back any good pictures excepting tiny Kodak snaps which were not clear. This is an enlargement and it is very bit as good as the smaller print. Perhaps, the artist can touch this up so that it shoe up properly.”
By courtesy of Jeff Spencer, 
President of the Petroleum History Institute

War and Oil

Soldiers on an oil field during WWI. 
Campina, Romania 1907

Oilmen at Bustenari

 Oilmen at Bustenari in 1904.
Hand dug oil wells at Bustenari.

Primitive shafts

Surface oil collection from primitive shafts. 
Romania 1910

Sonic vibrations

 “Method for improving the efficiency and perfecting the rotative drilling through percussive rotation and hydrodynamic pressure absorption.”
During the 1930s the engineer Dr Ion Basgan was the first to introduce sonic vibrations in the drill pipe string of a conventional rotary drilling rig. The sonic currents caused the steel pipe string to oscillate up and down and thus to produce powerful blows on the bottom of the borehole through the rotating drill bit. This enabled the depth and speed of drilling to be greatly increased. It also enabled the drill to bore a truly vertical hole without distortion, which was not always possible with the old method. For example, at the Moreni oil fields in Romania in 1938 a bore hole was drilled 1,915 metres (6,300 feet) deep in 30 days by this method. Picure taken in Steaua Romana Moreni oilfield.